Rajgangpur, Sundargarh District
Rajgangpur is an industrial town situated in the Sundargarh District of Odisha. It is located 400 km to the north-west of the capital city, Bhubaneswar and 40 km east of Rourkela. As of the 2011 India census, Rajgangpur had a population of 166,131. Males constitute 50.3 percent of the population and females 49.6 percent. Rajgangpur has an average literacy rate of 80.5 percent, higher than the national average of 73.5 percent. The main language spoken by the inhabitants of this town are Oriya, Hindi and Bengali. The main source of job creation in the town are the industries in and around the town. Rajgangpur also has a large tribal population, dominated by Kisan, Gond, Oraons, Munda, Kharias and other tribals. Their main occupation is farming. The tribals also work in nearby factories and also hold a lot of government jobs.
Lanjiberna programme area consists of 38 villages in Kutra and Rajgangpur Blocks in Sundargarh district of Orissa. More than 82 percent of the population is tribal consisting of Khadia, Oram and Kisan tribes. The major source of livelihood is agriculture, poultry and piggery. The average size of land holding is 1 -1.5 acres and percentage of irrigated land is 12.28 percent. The literacy rate in the population is 73 percent. The sex ratio of the population is 971.
The programme area in Cuttack is situated in the foot hills of Dalijoda range in the east and Kaliamba mountain range in the northwest. The area is surrounded by Mania Reserve Forest range, Amiyajhari reserve forest & Kaliamba reserve forest. Around 45- 50 percent of population is from tribal community or backward sections. The major livelihood is agriculture. The area is surrounded by mountains and due to laterite belt the farmers are able to take only one crop during the monsoon. The major crop is rain fed paddy. Cattle population is also very less as compared to other areas. All most all the families directly or indirectly dependent on forest to meet their day to day need and about 30 percent of the total are forest dwellers.
The literacy rate of the population in programme villages is around 50 percent. The work force constitutes about 35%. The average monthly household income is around Rs.2000.00. Most of the villages are electrified (under Biju Jyoti/ Kutir Jyoti).